Conclusively Presumed Injuries or Illnesses

Conclusively Presumed Injuries or Illnesses are injuries or illnesses which research shows can be attributed to certain deployments. Under the right circumstance, they are automatically accepted by Veterans’ Affairs as service-related to particular qualifying operational service.

Lists of Conclusively Presumed Injuries or Illnesses are based on medical and scientific research. This research shows that if a veteran with qualifying operational service has a condition on the list for that qualifying operational service, the condition is likely attributable to service.

Qualifying for an entitlement

Complete the relevant application form such as for  Disablement Pension, indicating the qualifying service and the injury or illness being claimed for. Your GP or medical specialist will need to confirm the injury, illness or condition on the form.

  • If your GP or medical specialist has any medical reports that relate to the injury, illness or condition, please attach them to the application form to speed up the process.
  • Veterans’ Affairs will write to your GP or medical specialist directly if further information is needed to establish how this condition affects you now.
  • If Veterans’ Affairs needs further information you may also need to see a specialist for assessment.

If you had an application declined but have since been diagnosed with an injury, illness or condition on a list for which you have qualifying operational service, you must submit a new application form including confirmation of your injury, illness or condition from your GP or medical specialist.

Lists of Conclusively Presumed Injuries or Illnesses

Former Prisoners of War

If you were imprisoned as a prisoner of war for any length of time during Second World War, the following injuries, illnesses and conditions are presumed to be service-related:

  • Psychosis
  • Any of the anxiety states
  • Dysthymia
  • Organic residual of frostbite, trench foot
  • Post-traumatic osteoarthritis
  • Heart disease or hypertensive vascular disease and their complications
  • Stroke and residuals of stroke
  • Hypovitaminosis
  • Beriberi
  • Chronic dysentery
  • Helminthiasis (intestinal vermiform parasites)
  • Malnutrition (including optic atrophy)
  • Pellagra and/or other nutritional deficiencies
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Cirrhosis of the liver 

Veterans Exposed to Nuclear Radiation

This list covers veterans with the following service:

  • J Force, the British Occupation Force of Japan between 1946 and 1952
  • Operation Grapple service on - HMNZS Rotoiti from 15 May 1957 to 8 November 1957, HMNZS Pukaki from 15 May 1957 to 8 November 1957 or HMNZS Pukaki from 28 April 1958 to 23 September 1958
  • Mururoa service on - HMNZS Otago on 22 July 1973 or HMNZS Canterbury on 28 July 1973

The following injuries, illnesses and conditions are presumed to be service-related if you have the service listed above:

  • All forms of leukaemia (except for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia)
  • Lymphomas (other than Hodgkin’s disease)
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Primary cancer of the thyroid, breast, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, bile ducts, gall bladder, salivary gland, urinary tract (renal, pelvis, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra), brain, bone, lung (Bronchiolo-alveolar carcinoma), colon, ovary and primary liver cancer (except if cirrhosis or hepatitis B is indicated)

Viet Nam Veterans

If you served in Viet Nam between 29 May 1964 and 31 December 1972, with 41 Squadron between 1 January 1973 and 21 April 1975, or were a member of the civilian surgical team at the Qui Nhon Provincial State Hospital Viet Nam from December 1963 until March 1975, the following injuries, illnesses and conditions are presumed to be service-related:

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (including hairy-cell leukaemia and other chronic B –Cell leukaemia’s)
  • Soft-tissue sarcoma
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Hodgkin’s disease
  • Chloracne
  • Porphyria cutanea tarda
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Respiratory cancers (lung, bronchus, larynx, trachea)
  • Prostate cancer
  • Acute and subacute peripheral neuropathy
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • AL-type primary amyloidosis
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Ischaemic Heart Disease
  • Stroke 

Gulf Conflict Veterans

If you served in the Gulf Conflict between 20 December 1990 and 13 April 1991, the presumption of attributability applies to medically unexplained chronic multi-symptom illnesses defined by a cluster of signs or symptoms that have existed for six months or more, such as:

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

Signs or symptoms of an undiagnosed illness include fatigue, skin symptoms, headaches, muscle pain, joint pain, neurological symptoms, respiratory symptoms, sleep disturbance, gastro-intestinal symptoms, cardiovascular symptoms, weight loss and menstrual disorders.